The present Rothwell Temperance Band was formed in 1984 as the junior band to the existing Temperance Band. In 1989, with a full complement of players and new instruments, they were able to enter competitions as the Rothwell Temperance B Band. In 1991 they qualified for the National Finals in the Fourth Section and gained second place. In the same year, the senior band gained sponsorship, changing their name to match their new sponsor. The B Band then dropped the B and adopted the Rothwell Temperance Band name.
In 1994, after having been promoted to the third section, they won the Yorkshire Championship and went on to compete in the National Finals in London gaining second place. In 1995 they won the Third Section of the Yorkshire Area Championships and again came second at the National Finals. In March 1996, after gaining promotion to the second section, the band yet again gained first place in the Area Championships having drawn number one out of fourteen bands.
In 1997 the band were promoted to the First Section and once again qualified for the National Finals. At the finals, the band gained 5th place having been drawn the dreaded number one. In 1998 the band again won the Yorkshire Area First Section, qualifying for their fifth National Finals in a row.
1999 was an incredible year for the band. In February, after promotion to the Championship Section, the band again qualified for the National Finals and represented Yorkshire at the Royal Albert Hall in October where they were placed an excellent sixth.
In 2000, the band gained sponsorship from Autocruise, a manufacturer of luxury motorhomes, based near Sheffield. In October 2000 the band travelled to Lucerne in Switzerland to compete in the Swiss Open Brass Band Championships. The band walked away with the title of Swiss Open Champions, becoming only the second English band to do so. Two weeks later the band competed in the Pontins Championships and once again carried away first prize, taking 2500 in prize money and winning their second title in a month.
2003 was a very successful year for the band with a fourth place at the Yorkshire Area Championships. In May the band took first prize in the Senior Cup in Blackpool.
2004 saw a fantastic start to the contest season with a sixth prize at the Yorkshire Area Championships followed by a second prize at the Grand Shield Competition in Blackpool in May. This success lead to promotion into the British Open contest, where the band took their deserved place amongst the elite bands in Great Britain. In 2005 the band were placed fifth at the Open, beating many household names including Brighouse & Rastrick and Grimethorpe Colliery.
This magnificent achievement was eclipsed in May 2006 when the band won the International Masters competition in Cambridge, beating the current European and World champions and winning their first 'Major’.
In 2009 the band had an excellent start to their contesting season winning the Yorkshire Area and being placed first in the Grand Shield, and they followed this up with a fourth at the National Finals at the Royal Albert Hall. 2010 was again a good year with third at the Yorkshire Area, third at the English Nationals, sixth at the British Open and again fourth at the Albert Hall.